The trolley problem is a question of human morality, and an example of a philosophical view called consequentialism this view says that morality is defined by the consequences of an action, and that the consequences are all that matter. Consequentialism is the theory in moral philosophy that says our actions should aim at producing the best consequences a consequence of consequentialism, however, is that it fails to respect the integrity of the individuals involved. The trolley dilemma: would you kill one person to save five such as consequentialism or these thought experiments have been used to stimulate discussion about the difference. After reading quite a bit from opponents of consequentialism, and looking at the counter-example thought experiments (trolley problems, peter singer's shallow pond, bob's buggati, the organ harvesting doctor, etc.
This is the crux of the classic thought experiment known as the trolley dilemma, developed by philosopher philippa foot in 1967 and adapted by judith jarvis thomson in 1985. Rather, utilitarianism should be regarded more like a point counter in a video game, where you aim to accumulate as many points as you can within the bounds of reason there’s no binary “right” and “wrong” you just do the best you can relatedly, the idea of a “moral obligation” is not intrinsic to utilitarianism. Analysis of a thought experiment philosophy essay print reference this thought experiments are a good way to provide us with a way of producing knowledge by stepping out of the domain of the real and day to day affairs consequentialism will not recognize the difference between george not taking the job offer and safeguarding his.
Thought experiments like this seem to me more useful in that they bring out the other axes we are actually considering in our choices and utilitarianism does give us a nice tool for trying to resolve those balancing tests. The thought experiment that bernard williams mentioned in his work a critique of utilitarianism to establish that utilitarianism is an incoherent and unintelligible theory of morality and does not hold much ground, especially when it comes to decision making under pressure and in high risk situations.
A thought experiment (german: gedankenexperiment, gedanken-experiment, or gedankenerfahrung,) considers some hypothesis, theory, or principle for the purpose of thinking through its consequences given the structure of the experiment , it may not be possible to perform it, and even if it could be performed, there need not be an intention to perform it. The trolley problem is a specific ethical thought experiment among several that highlights the difference between deontological and consequentialist ethical systems.
Some philosophical thought experiments in order to demonstrate that someone can maximize happiness without doing something that’s morally good, philosophers typically tell stories in which someone does exactly that. The lack of respect for the integrity of the individual is raised by bernard williams’ famous ‘jim and the indians’ thought experiment, quoted above williams’ example shows that consequentialism disregards the agent’s own personal commitments and allows for negative responsibility. Critical thinking the trolley problem: a thought experiment that tests our morality think about it critical thinking for curious minds language & philosophy religion/morality/atheism the trolley problem: a thought experiment that tests our morality october 22, 2010 4 the trolley problem and other thought experiments are an integral. The thought is that the cold, calculating character of consequentialism makes it reductionistic, simple-minded, and doesn't allow for the richness our moral lives a somewhat related objection is that consequentialism undermines our personal relationships.
If the utility monster can get so much pleasure from each unit of resources, it follows from utilitarianism that the distribution of resources should acknowledge this. An interesting thought experiment there is an element of compromise in consequentialist decisions, and most people would agree compromise is a necessary aspect of human cooperation yet this is both a blessing and burden, isn’t it.