The countries in ne africa are libya, egypt, chad, sudan, eritrea, djibouti, ethiopia, and somalia, and could include technically asian countries of the middle east : lebanon, israel, jordan, and. Most of egypt's rain falls in the winter months south of cairo, rainfall averages only around 2 to 5 mm (01 to 02 in) per year and at intervals of many years on a very thin strip of the northern coast the rainfall can be as high as 410 mm (161 in), mostly between october and march.
Overview egypt, a country linking northeast africa with the middle east, dates to the time of the pharaohs millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile nile river valley, including giza’s colossal pyramids and great sphinx as well as luxor’s hieroglyph-lined karnak temple and valley of the kings tombs.
Egypt has long been a cultural focus of the arab world, while remembrance of the rhythms of sub-saharan africa, in particular west africa, was transmitted through the atlantic slave trade to modern samba, blues, jazz, reggae, hip hop, and rock. Alongside disappointing global growth in the fourth quarter of 2015 and the possibility that the january 2016 forecast of 29 percent growth for the year may have to be revised downwards, economic prospects in the middle east and north africa (mena) region remains grim.
With over 95 million inhabitants, egypt is the most populous country in north africa, the middle east, and the arab world, the third-most populous in africa (after nigeria and ethiopia), and the fifteenth-most populous in the world. A middle eastern country in northeast africa, egypt is at the center of the arab world egypt controls the suez canal, the shortest sea link between the indian ocean and the mediterranean sea the country is defined by desert and the nile, the longest river on earth.
Egypt, with vast swaths of desert in its east and west and the rich nile river valley at its heart, is site to one of the world’s earliest and greatest civilizations its location at the northeast corner of africa bordering the mediterranean sea has made it a cultural and trading center.