Video: reconstruction period: goals, success and failures reconstruction of the south following the american civil war lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents it wasn't welcomed by southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. African-american participation in southern public life after 1867 would be by far the most radical development of reconstruction, which was essentially a large-scale experiment in interracial democracy unlike that of any other society following the abolition of slavery.
After rejecting the reconstruction plan of president andrew johnson, the republican congress enacted laws and constitutional amendments that empowered the federal government to enforce the principle of equal rights, and gave black southerners the right to vote and hold office.
With the overthrow of biracial state governments in the south and the withdrawal of the last federal troops from the region by president rutherford b hayes in 1877, the era of the civil war and reconstruction came to an end but conflict continued in the arena of historical interpretation and public memory. Reconstruction government in the south under the terms of the reconstruction act of 1867, republican governments came to power throughout the south, offering blacks, for the first time in american history, a genuine share of political power.
Reconstruction was forcibly imposed on the southern states by the government and, as a result, racial attitudes in the south didn’t really evolve during this period when the government stopped implementing reconstruction, many southern states acted quickly to roll back the gains made by the african american community, notably through jim crow laws. The civil war entailed a dramatic expansion of the roles and responsibilities of the central government that resulted in the ratification of who was born in 1868—the year that the 14th amendment was ratified—famously termed the reconstruction period a splendid failure, for it didn't fail for the reasons that whites thought or expected.
Historians generally agree that reconstruction was a period of extraordinary chages for american society, politics and for the constitution itself yet, very few of these changes proved lasting and economic and political interests linked with conservatism and racism managed to hamper the most revolutionary projects of the era.