Gallipoli really was a microcosm of the wider world war just how did the british hierarchy get so much wrong the main problem really was underestimating the scale of what was needed and how ill-equipped britain was to meet this. The failure of gallipoli was mainly caused by poor allied leadership “the failure of gallipoli was mainly caused by poor allied leadership” gallipoli is a peninsula in the dardanelles in eastern turkey. “the failure of gallipoli was mainly caused by poor allied leadership” gallipoli is a peninsula in the dardanelles in eastern turkey gallipoli and the surrounding areas of the dardanelles were the locations of some of the most contentious battles of the first world war in 1915 and 1916.
What went wrong at gallipoli in 1915 even so, there’s been a lot of debate about why it failed and how important that failure was in the context of the war overall the campaign has proved to be historically significant in other ways a large number of the troops in the allied force were from the australian and new zealand army corps.
The gallipoli campaign of 1915-16, also known as the battle of gallipoli or the dardanelles campaign, was an unsuccessful attempt by the allied powers to control the sea route from europe to russia during world war i. The 1915 gallipoli campaign failed because british forces were unable to establish control of the dardanelle straits the primary reasons for the defeat were the failed sea and land attacks as the result of faulty intelligence and fierce turkish resistance the british attack was in response to a. Experiences of australians in gallipoli the australians (together with new zealand forces) formed the anzac forces at gallipoli although anzac made up a relatively small pa rt of the whole allied force the experiences at gallipoli played a significant role in forming australian national identity as a separate nation. The campaign began with a failed naval attack by british and french ships on the dardanelles straits in february-march 1915 and continued with a major land invasion of the gallipoli peninsula on april 25, involving british and french troops as well as divisions of the australian and new zealand army corps (anzac. Churchill, however, remained haunted by gallipoli for decades “remember the dardanelles,” his political opponents taunted when he stood up to speak in the house of commons when running for parliament in 1923, hecklers called out, “what about the dardanelles” the “british bulldog” embraced gallipoli as a brilliant failure.
The battle of gallipoli became a slaughter and quickly morphed into a stalemate just as bloody, just as pointless as that on the western front in the first month after storming the peninsula, the allies lost 45,000 men the ill-fated gallipoli campaign lasted nine months before the evacuation of the last allied troops in january 1916.
A second related reason for the allied failure at gallipoli was the sheer inability of technology in the shape of naval guns and artillery to do what was required of them as an example of naval problems, one australian officer of the 1st australian division remarked at the end of may 1915: from the moment the prince of wales opened up on gaba tepe' s guns they seemed to us not able to hit what they aimed at. The last gallipoli survivor made it to the 21st century having lied about his age to enlist, 16-year-old alec campbell arrived at gallipoli in october 1915, only to fall ill with a bad case of.
Thus the turks had already suffered 15,000 casualties by the beginning of may 1915, and this turkish willingness to defend and sacrifice at all costs is one reason for allied defeat at gallipoli that is not always included in the traditional explanations of the allied failure. The gallipoli campaign began with the allied bombardment of turkish defences on 19 january 1915, followed a few months later by the landings on the gallipoli peninsula early on 25 april the campaign lasted until january 1916 and was a costly failure for the allies, with heavy losses (44, 000 dead) and no gains made. The battle of gallipoli took place on the turkish peninsula of gallipoli from april 1915 to january 1916 during the first world war a combined british empire and french opera tion was mounted in order to eventually capture the ottoman capital of constantinople (now istanbul.